When it was first published, The Elements of Style was favorably reviewed in newspapers nationwide. The Elements of Style Summary. 4. But even in 2017, The Elements of Style occupies a pride of place in the canon of literary how-to manuals, with many teachers holding it up Bible-ishly, and with many students following it to the letter. Not that this was some knd of “come to Jesus” moment, when I vowed to  abandon my lazy ways, but I did determine to inculcate the advice and correction of professors and to keep a dictionary handy, looking up any word, the spelling of which I was not absolutely certain. I didn’t learn about The Elements of Style by William Strunk Jr. and E.B. Thanks to that initial reading of my son’s copy of The Elements of Style, I think I was able to pull it off in a credible manner and even help others to tighten up and improve their own business writing. “What’s this little guy?” I asked, picking it up and opening it to the Introduction. Learn how your comment data is processed. How an author uses them is what makes one writer's work distinct from another, from Henry James to Mark Twain to Virginia Woolf. Never tedious or boring, it’s always amazing how the book’s clear and  staccatto presentation of what it represents as the most important tools of intelligent English discourse, is actually fun reading. Michael Burke describes the field in "The Routledge Handbook of Stylistics" as an empirical or forensic discourse critique, wherein the stylistician is. However, he also notes that stylistics differs from simple close reading in the following ways: Stylistics is arguing for the universality of language usage while close reading hinges upon an observation of how this particular style and usage may vary from and thereby make an error relating to the norm. The classic writing guide by William Strunk Jr. and E. B. Elementary Rules From Elements of Style: Form the possessive singular of nouns by adding ‘s In series of three or more terms with a single conjunction, use a comma after each term except the last Enclose parenthetic expressions between commas. Getting papers back from professors with generous red edit marks not only for grammar mistakes but also stilted and trite phrasing was bad enough. The Elements of Style, Fourth Edition, is the absolute must-have book for anyone aspiring to write any sort of content. This form of critical analysis refrains from analyzing the biographical and historical context of a poem. Part 1: Copy and paste your selected passage, including title and author, in the space below. According to Katie Wales in "A Dictionary of Stylistics," the goal of. Elements of style studied in literary works are what is up for discussion in any literature or writing class, such as: Elements of style are the characteristics of the language used in the written work, and stylistics is their study. Our eldest son Aaron, had just entered our local community college and was showing me the newly purchased textbooks he had arrayed across the top of his bedroom dresser. Art criticism is analyzing and evaluating works of art. The free Kindle version is an excellent research tool, but E.B.White’s later resurrection and  editorial annotation of Professor Strunk’s, originally mimeographed and hand-stapled, handout is well worth the price of one of Amazon’s  hard copies. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. The Elements of Style . The classic writing guide by William Strunk Jr. and E. B. A stylistician's textual analysis is influenced by rhetoric reasoning and history. An author’s writing style includes all of the items on the list below, including specific word choice (diction), kind of tone, use of formal or informal language, etc. In the 1970s the term was applied to work by … Various concepts are broken down and many example sentences are provided. 1. Analyzing an author's style involves analyzing the writer's unique way of communicating ideas. Elementary Principles of Composition. Also called literary linguistics, stylistics focuses on the figures, tropes, and other rhetorical devices used to provide variety and a distinctness to someone's writing. Kindle Edition. Just as a baseball pitcher studies how to properly grip and throw a type of pitch a certain way, to make the ball go in a certain location, and to create a game plan based on a lineup of specific hitters, studying writing and literature helps people to learn how to improve their writing (and thus communication skills) as well as to learn empathy and the human condition. Thanks for the comment, Mitch. This Study Guide consists of approximately 34 pages of chapter summaries, quotes, character analysis, themes, and more - everything you need to sharpen your knowledge of The Elements of Style. The reader might wonder how a curt and abbreviated overview of English writing style can be of any value to someone whose journey through academia wasn’t as lackadaisical as my own. The author adopts a variety of style elements depending on his or her purpose, audience, and genre. American poet Dorothy Parker has, regarding the book, said: This is an example of cultural c… Learn literature elements style with free interactive flashcards. Here is the introduction to the 1920 edition, available for the Kindle, free of charge, from Amazon.com: “This book aims to give in brief space the principal requirements of plain English style. This book is a terse pocket-guide full of best practices for forming sentences. For understanding literary criticism, we first need to drive home the concept of literature which is best not defined on the basis of whether it can be imaginative or fictional. 6. The capper was when a Biology Lab Teaher’s Assistant  — not even a real professor — gave me a “D” on some required lab notes because of several spelling and grammatical errors. The original Elements of Style was a textbook written by William Strunk Jr. for his Cornell English class. We each may have variations to this, but unless you were raised outside of the United States, you are strongly (consciously or unconsciously) influenced by an American perspective. In accordance with this plan it lays down three rules for the use of the comma, instead of a score or more, and one for the use of the semicolon, in the belief that these four rules provide for all the internal punctuation that is required by nineteen sentences out of twenty.”. From the rising-star designer and author of the hit blog, Elements of Style, a full-color, fully illustrated book packed with honest advice, inspiration, ideas, and lessons learned about designing a home that reflects your personality and style. White has just been republished in a 50th-anniversary edition. Raised in Connecticut by a creative mother and self-taught architectural designer, Erin learned to love every aspect of the home building and decorating process from a very young age… Read More . 4. The Elements of Style William Strunk, Jr. The Elements of Style (p. 1). He says that stylistics' analysis of these similar qualities—or rather how they are utilized—would, therefore, entail that stylistics is a modern interpretation of the ancient study. While until twenty years after my brief sojourn in the Creative Writing program at San Francisco State University (then San Francisco State College.) So I set about to learn writing by osmosis. Rhetorical analysis is a form of criticism that uses principles of rhetoric to examine interactions between a text, an author, and an audience. I didn’t learn about The Elements of Style by William Strunk Jr. and E.B. Studying a text closely helps to unearth layers of meaning that run deeper than just the basic plot, which happens on the surface level. Use the organizer to make notes and observations about the elements of the author’s style. By becoming wrapped up in a character's thoughts and actions in a book, story, or poem, people experience that narrator's point of view and can draw on that knowledge and those feelings when interacting with others in real life who might have similar thought processes or actions. The Elements of Style does not deserve the enormous esteem in which it is held by American college graduates. It emphasized close reading, particularly of poetry, to discover how a work of literature functioned as a self-contained, self-referential aesthetic object. Place a comma before and or but introducing an independent clause. I was immediately intrigued, as I usually am, by something that promises a short-cut method of achieving  results that normally require some effort. Various concepts are broken down and many example sentences are provided. Other articles where Elements of Criticism is discussed: Henry Home, Lord Kames: …is best known for his Elements of Criticism, 3 vol. Deconstruction, form of philosophical and literary analysis, derived mainly from work begun in the 1960s by the French philosopher Jacques Derrida, that questions the fundamental conceptual distinctions, or “oppositions,” in Western philosophy through a close examination of the language and logic of philosophical and literary texts. But when you try to analyze those surface features, you find yourself very quickly being drawn into the realm of rhetoric with its focus on context, audience, and purpose. However, it can be described in terms of the way it makes use of languages in different ways. To quote Stuart Hall: It could be said that growing up in America contributes to an ‘American worldview’. Elements of Style is a uniquely personal and practical decorating guide that shows how designing a home can be an outlet of person Upon its release, Charles Poor, writing for The New York Times, called it "a splendid trophy for all who are interested in reading and writing." Its advice ranges from limp platitudes to inconsistent nonsense. I don’t understand the last sentence of your Bio at the bottom of the post. Kindle Edition. Dr. Richard Nordquist is professor emeritus of rhetoric and English at Georgia Southern University and the author of several university-level grammar and composition textbooks. In one sense it seems to refer to all the elements of language and structure evident on the surface of a text. White's The Elements of Style … The Elements of Style is concise, easy to understand and practically perfect. Form the possessive singular of nouns with ’s. It’s the best. Haven’t dusted it off in years but, yeah, Mr. Strunk set me straight once upon a time, as well. In my high school and early college days, “being a writer” was my dream, but the act of writing and pouring through peevish grammar texts was drudgery. While  until twenty years after my brief sojourn in the Creative Writing program at San Francisco State University (then San Francisco State College.) A participial phrase at the beginning of a sentence must refer to the grammatical subject, Make the paragraph the unit of composition: one paragraph to each topic, As a rule, begin each paragraph with a topic sentence; end it in conformity with the beginning, Use definite, specific, concrete language, Express co-ordinate ideas in similar form. The 18 main topics are organized under the headings, “Elementary Rules of Usage,” “Elementary Principles of Composition,” “A Few Matters of Form,” “Words and Expressions Commonly Misused,” and “Words Often Misspelled.” While until twenty years after my brief sojourn in the Creative Writing program at San Francisco State University (then San Francisco State College.) Arriving from community college into the upper-division  English program at State — at the time, reputedly, one of the best Creative Writing programs in the country — I experienced a rather abrupt and rude awakening. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Get this from a library! Elements of criticism. White's The Elements of Style … P. F. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, The Writer's Voice in Literature and Rhetoric, Rhetorical Analysis Definition and Examples, Definition of Belles-Lettres in English Grammer, Word Choice in English Composition and Literature, Overview of Baroque Style in English Prose and Poetry, Definition and Examples of Explication (Analysis), Understanding the Use of Language Through Discourse Analysis, How a character changes throughout the story, element of the story to represent something else, Ph.D., Rhetoric and English, University of Georgia, M.A., Modern English and American Literature, University of Leicester, B.A., English, State University of New York, Theme: A message delivered by or shown in a work; its central topic or big idea. It's no wonder, then, that author Peter Barry uses rhetoric to define stylistics as "the modern version of the ancient discipline known as rhetoric," in his book "Beginning Theory. Most of my writing was for reporting the status of construction projects. It aims to lighten the task of instructor and student by concentrating attention (in Chapters II and III) on a few essentials, the rules of usage and principles of composition most commonly violated. III. This year marks the 50th anniversary of the publication of William Strunk and E.B. (Eric Henderson, The Active Reader: Strategies for Academic Reading and Writing.Oxford University Press, 2007) "To write an effective critical analysis, you need to understand the difference between analysis … Art criticism is analyzing and evaluating works of art. Great Review. 3. Hopefully they will whet the reader’s appetite for Strunk’s witty and sometimes humorous expansion of each subject and also the contributions of Strunk’s posthumous editor and former student, the poet E.B.White. I still have the book and i’m still learning from it. ", Barry goes on to say that rhetoric teaches. The Elements of Style is the definitive text and classic manual on the principles of English language read by millions of readers. Some may swear by it, but let’s be clear: this book is … ( Log Out /  Erin Tubridy Gates is the founder and principal designer of Erin Gates Design and is also the creator of the award winning design blog Elements of Style. Analyzing an author's style involves understanding the particular way a text is written. It gives advice on grammar, word choice, appropriate use of different syntactical constructions and similar topics. Asserting that one must first know the rules to break them, this classic reference book is a must-have for any student and conscientious writer. Ever. with additions and improvements. ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. How a Thin, Little Volume Fixed a Lifetime of Lazy Scholarship, Criticism | ‘The Elements of Style’ by Strunk & White, Review of Manfred Wolf’s “Survival in Paradise” – As published in the San Francisco Westside Observer, “The Haole” A short story about racial prejudice, Rhetoric | English Phonetics in Plain Text, Northern California’s Mediterranean Climate, Rhetoric | Love Beyond Doctrines and Philosophies, Amnesty and The Enduring Question of Immigration by Manfred Wolf, Theology |God-struggles, a Compendium (Update), Follow Vernon Miles Kerr on WordPress.com, Form the possessive singular of nouns by adding ‘s, In a series of three or more terms with a single conjunction, use a comma after each term except the last, Enclose parenthetic expressions between commas, Place a comma before a conjunction introducing a co-ordinate clause, Do not join independent clauses by a comma, Do not break sentences in two. The Elements of Style, Fourth Edition, is the absolute must-have book for anyone aspiring to write any sort of content. I didn’t learn about The Elements of Style by William Strunk Jr. and E.B. 4. ... , Literary style, Sex in Plants, Botany, Plants, Literary Style. Culture is a complex concept that encompasses the ways that social life effects and informs our experiences. Brief as it may be, Strunk & White’s little volume is an excellent refresher course for even the most accomplished and diligent scholar of English. New Criticism, in simple terms, is a critical movement that propagates the idea of ‘art for art’s sake’.” In focusing on the text itself (“close reading“), New Critics intentionally ignore the author, the reader, and the social context. 12/13/2020 AP English Language and Composition; 1/3 Style Analysis Directions: There are two parts to this assignment, so read the instructions for Parts 1 and 2 carefully. Strunk, William. Basic Elements of Style – Diction, Syntax, Point of View, Tone, Theme Diction = word choice – A study of diction is the analysis of how a writer uses language for a distinct purpose and effect, including word choice and figures of speech. I read and read, always with a virtual ear opened for writing and rhetorical style. This edition published in 1772 by Printed by Charles Ingham, in Skinner Row in Dublin. Diction: The correctness of the overall grammar (big picture) or … Some may swear by it, but let’s be clear: this book is … As life would have it, I dd not go into the writing business after college but I did get a lot of writing practice in my three pre-retirement careers as bank officer, sales and marketing manager and finally, computer software developer and manager. The Elements of Style was listed as one of the 100 best and most influential books written in English since 1923 by Time in its 2011 list. Write in a chronological sequence and format in logical sequence (one paragraph: one idea, go from simpler to more complex) Analyzing an author's style involves understanding the particular way a text is written. I was confident that my little shortcut to scholarship would work just as well as tedium and elbow grease. As art critics, when we look at a painting, sculpture, or other form of art, we don't approach it as something that we like or dislike. 2. Since that initial exposure to “Stunk & White”  both I, and my wife have purchased several copies of this little manual and have kept them handy for not-infrequent reference and  occasional entertainment. Stylistics, then, is the pursuit of understanding key elements of style that affect a given audience's interpretation of a text. It is linguistic analysis plus literary criticism. It to the Introduction to say that rhetoric teaches white is a terse pocket-guide full best. 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Quote Stuart Hall: it could be said that growing up in America contributes to an ‘ American ’!

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