Quick-release fertilizers may result in a few weeks of sudden growth, but this only attracts pests and diseases without encouraging long-term results. However, it is extremely important to realize how Zoysia grass reacts to drought and what makes it drought-tolerant. Diamond is one of the few turf grasses suitable for putting greens. Option 4: Let the sod company sprig your lawn. You do not have to till the soil into dust. Zoysia grass faces gardening problems such as early browning, brown crown spots, and spots, rust that hinder its growth. You can also download a copy for free if you’d like: Healthy lawns have fewer pest and disease problems. It will green up as soon as you apply water. Other than using appropriate fungicides targeted toward its treatment, it may be necessary to retrieve grass clippings after or during mowing and properly disposing of them to prevent further spreading of this grass rust. Although Gainesville lawns have historically been St. Augustine grass, Zoysia has began making a major push as the turf of choice for a few years. You can use a rotary mower on zoysia, but make sure the blades are sharp, and never cut off more than 1/3rd of the top growth to prevent shock. However, poor soil, drought stress, winter kill, and high humidity can slow down zoysia’s aggressive growth, giving weeds a chance to invade bare patches of soil. Mow the lawn when it is over 2” tall, and mow it at least once before dormancy. Zoysia is one of the recommended grass species for clay soils due to its ability to tolerate compacted soils and low fertility. Dense, clay soil can hold on to large amounts of nitrogen due to the fact that water cannot drain freely into the subsoil. Aeration is the process of punching holes into the turf and sod to alleviate compaction. Mow in the afternoons when the blades are dry to prevent spreading the disease. If zoysia is maintained properly, it can grow a thick, deep-green carpet that resists most pests, diseases, and weed infestations. It is one of the most shade tolerant cultivars, and it can handle extremely short mowing heights. Compost is a soil conditioner, so it improves the soil along with adding nutrition. Spray a preventative herbicide each spring to prevent weed seeds from germinating, and pull up any surviving plants before they go to seed. This turfgrass has a coarse texture and is extremely durable. Sprigging is similar to seeding, but it has a higher success rate. Fertilize an established lawn with a 16-4-8 product specifically labeled for zoysia grass in mid-May and again in mid-July. This fungus is most prevalent during mid-summer, when temperatures are in the mid 80s and the mornings are still damp and humid. This is obviously the most expensive option. After aerating, you can incorporate compost directly into the soil. There are many other zoysia cultivars that have been developed to tolerate different growing conditions. Recommended Reading:Why Is My Zoysia Lawn Turning Brown? The dense growth pattern of zoysia grass, combined with mowing, will keep weeds at bay. It has done wonderfully except that my dog and the neighbors dogs use it as a bathroom. Zoysia is a warm-season grass that also thrives in most of the transition zone. Cavalier has a moderate pest resistance, but its aggressive nature is able to choke out most weeds. If you’d rather not use chemicals, check out Dandelion Doom (link to Sunday). Meyer is one of the more popular strains of Z. japonica due to its vigorous growth habit and rich, deep green color. Fertilize after you have treated for chinch bugs to encourage zoysia to fill in any bare spots. It’s dense growth habit and aggressive growth habit allow it to heal from winter kill and heavy foot traffic if it has enough sunlight and moisture. Fescue is a bunching grass while zoysia is a creeping grass, so zoysia is able to choke out fescue under most growing conditions. However, if you mow every 10-14 days, you’re more likely to leave long grass clippings that don’t break down as quickly. Over-fertilization in the spring can contribute to brown patch. Soils that are low in nitrogen are usually loose, sandy soils that can’t retain water. Just keep watering. Fertilize with 1lb of nitrogen per year, split up into 2-3 applications over the spring and summer. The good thing about these soils is that you can incorporate aged manures and compost for fertility, and the loose texture will leave plenty of wiggle room for zoysia’s dense root system. Irrigate once per week in the morning, to allow leaf blades to dry out before cooler nighttime temperatures. Sprigs will go from green to brown in the first few weeks; this is normal. It is such a prolific nuisance that there are multiple sprays and chemical control... 5 Tips for Creating Beautiful, Low-Maintenance Flower Beds. The basic fact about zoysia grass is that, unless it is grown in the right climate, it will cause more headaches than not. She has an A.A.S. Spray broadleaf herbicides in the spring as seeds begin germinating, and continue to spray as weeds show up in your lawn. Although Gainesville lawns have historically been St. Augustine grass, Zoysia has began making a major push as the turf of choice for a few years. For a chemical-free treatment, try spreading diatomaceous earth (link to Amazon) over the infested area. Chinch bugs are attracted to drought-stressed and nutrient-deficient lawns. However, this will result in a sub-par lawn that can create and compound problems. It is less cold tolerant than Z. japonica, but it can be found as far north as Connecticut along the coast. Topdressing with compost is a good way to provide slow-release nitrogen, and in most lawns, this can replace annual fertilization. Although zoysia is an aggressive grass that can heal from winter kill, this can slow down the turf’s ability to choke out weeds during the summer and repair high-traffic areas. Moisture plays an important role in disease development. Dig up patches of invasive grass or spot spray during active growth. Emerald Zoysia is a very fine textured grass. Mark underground lines and till the soil. While most Z. japonica cultivars can only be propagated vegetatively, there are some cultivars that can be grown from seed. Before planting, make sure you have an irrigation plan to maintain consistent moisture for at least 6 weeks. Empire must be propagated by sprig, plug, or sod. Lawns infested with grubs will slowly thin out and lose vigor, even though they are well-irrigated. Sunday Lawn Care offers a lawn-safe weed killer derived from iron. You can also use a rotary mower, but you should sharpen the blades once a month during the growing season. – When you cut the grass, don’t ever cut more than 1/3 of the grass. Spread out no more than about 1/2 inch of sand over low spots in mid to late spring when the zoysia grass is actively growing and it will quickly grow through the added material. While zoysia can tolerate a few grubs per square foot, an infestation can kill large patches of turf before you notice too much damage. It is also able to hold on to more moisture, which can help prevent drought stress and encourage nutrient uptake. If you have an irrigation system, you will need to schedule 4-5 sessions each day that are long enough to get the soil wet, but not so long that water begins to run off and wash away the seed. WATERING. The thicker your stand of zoysia, the less space weeds have to germinate and take over. Once the plugs begin active growth, gradually back off on irrigation until the turf has filled in. Soon, the lawn will have dead patches of grass that pull up like a loose carpet. These soils are usually a balance of different soil textures with a reasonable amount of organic matter. Keep sod consistently moist for the first few weeks after planting. Water 4-5 times per day, like you would with seeds, and keep watering until you see active growth. Leaf spot is difficult to identify without close inspection of an infected leaf. As a soil becomes more dense, it is able to hold on to more nutrients, especially nitrogen. This method of planting has a high success rate. Invasive – Zoysia grass is a very invasive grass. If you already have an established zoysia lawn, you can build up your soil over time through consistent dethatching, aerating, and topdressing. Always mow when the lawn is dry, and mow lawns in humid climates at a shorter height to encourage evaporation. The cold-hardiness of each lawn will vary depending on snow cover, rainfall, organic matter in the soil, thatch layer, and the slope of your lawn. You may need to wait until later in the year before you move on to step 2. Clay soils must be aerated and topdressed for grass to be able to absorb nutrients; whether they are nutrients from compost or from synthetic fertilizers. WEED CONTROL. Bag infected clippings and dispose of them. These are one of the most common and frustrating lawn pests. Side By Side Comparison, Best Fertilizer For A Clay Soil Lawn: Why Ingredients Matter, Learn more about establishing zoysia in clay soil. Most bugs should be gone by the third application. Lightly tamp sod into the soil and water immediately. Residual chemicals can stick around in compost if you were to try to add them to your compost pile. Fescue and zoysia don’t cross paths often, but when they do it’s not much of a fight. Empire Zoysia is a grass with natural characteristics that allow it to handle Australia’s hot, dry climate. These can be fixed by changing your irrigation and mowing schedule, and spraying fungicides when diseases get out of hand. Aeration allows oxygen into the soil, which helps encourage root growth and water infiltration. I just read that you should water heavy only when the grass needs it, instead of watering shallow frequently. Care Of Established Zoysia Grass Lawns Diseases In Zoysia Varieties Some Zoysia varieties are subject to dollar spot, leaf spot, brown patch and rust. It is resistant to most pests and diseases, and it is more durable than most other cultivars. Additional Zoysia Care Tips Avoid removing more than 1/3 of the total grass blade length at any single mowing to keep your grass thick and healthy. Bermuda grass can be spread when mower blades chop up stolons and fling them across the lawn, so removing clippings can slow the spread. Belair is good for lawns in the transition zone and shady lawns in the deep south. Zoysia thrives in average soils. Back off to 2-3 times per day until the sprigs have filled in most of the lawn. Blades of grass in the center will easily pull off the crown. An alternative to grass plugs or sod is sprigging. Cores will break down and return nutrients to the soil. Fescue thrives with cold winters, and this combined with severe winter kill may give fescue a strong foothold in your zoysia lawn. Use a slow-release nitrogen fertilizer that will last up to six months in the soil. The downside to Diamond is that it is one of the most high-maintenance turf grass options for a lawn. Consider a natural lawn fertilizer if you have pets and children playing in the yard. Actually, it's quite the opposite. If you live in a dry climate, you will likely need to water once per week to prevent your lawn from going dormant. 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